Lucas County Correctional Treatment Facility

Counties Served







1100 Jefferson Ave. Toledo, OH 43624


August 1994

Total Beds



*American Correctional Association (ACA)

Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (OMHAS)-Residential & Outpatient Chemical Dependency Treatment Certified

Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) 

Intake and Screening

Screening eligibility and admission criteria established by the Judicial Corrections Board. Referrals are adult male and female felony offenders referred by the sentencing Court of Common Pleas and through the Adult Parole Authority Hearing Board.

Program Description

Orientation Phase

SEQ CHAPTER \h \r 1The Orientation Phase is a unique (unit) dorm set aside for residents to prepare them for the requirements of CTF treatment.  They will learn how CTF operates and how to progress within the structured program that CTF encompasses.  All intake assessments will be conducted by the Orientation Team upon the resident’s entry to CTF.  A full assessment battery to include the ORAS and ASI are accomplished upon residents’ entrance to the program.  They are assessed for Education level and enrolled into the GED preparation classes.  The program provides the resident with structure, supervision, and encouragement to get indoctrinated with the help of the Orientation Treatment Team.  This is accomplished through a structured, ownership and responsibility based Behavioral Modification system allowing the resident to attain the self-respect and discipline they were lacking prior to incarceration.  It is a goal-oriented program that has Cognitive based therapeutic design with Reality and Choice-based structure.  Through Behavior Modification, intensive responsibility building skills and structure within the confines of a specialized unit the new resident to the CTF program can be given the structure, guidance, encouragement, and inner responsibility to meet the requirements of the “normal” curriculum of CTF.  While in this orientation unit, the resident is given the building blocks for successful program completion.   

Phase I: is the continuation of the Orientation Phase that introduces the Resident to Chemical Dependency groups.  Cognitive Behavioral groups are based on the Thinking for a Change program. This Phase introduces the clients to the 12-Step process and they also begin Relationship Building classes.  The Co-Occurring Disorders group, Healthy Living, works to help residents develop a healthy lifestyle, mentally, physically, emotionally, and spiritually.  The Understanding Grief group is where clients have a group to help them to have a better understanding how to properly grieve for someone who has passed away whom they were particularly close to.  The Ridge Project (Tyro Dads) offers programming to strengthen the family unit of the offender. The group is open to all males but it is specific to fathers as it is grant-funded through the fatherhood initiative to assist the client to strengthen their relationship with their children. This group is co-facilitated by a faith-based community service provider.  Anger and Stress Management continue with Abused Boys Wounded Men group.  

Phase II: is where the Resident is given the opportunity to participate in continued Chemical Dependency groups, Anger & Stress Management, GED/Education, Mental Health referrals, and other Cognitive-based programming.   The Thinking for a Change groups address the steps for cognitive self-change.  These Groups include Role-Plays and Practice of what was taught in the lessons 5-15 (Cognitive Restructuring and Social Skills).  Residents are taught the 12-Step recovery process and work on “The word of the Day.”  Residents are challenged in passing performance based testing to demonstrate their progression and preparedness.  

Phase III: is the program where residents will go through a rigorous performance based testing and screening process before attaining this level of programming.  Those who achieve this phase will go into the community to attend 12-Step meetings.  The residents continue the Thinking for a Change program and work on Problem Solving. They will also go through the Epictetus program that compliments the Thinking for a Change by using what they have learned and applying it to themselves.   

Phase IV: is the Aftercare program that focuses on individuals’ treatment as they make their transition into the community. Aftercare is approved to provide ODADAS Outpatient Treatment Services. The program is designed to provide Chemical Dependency support groups and Day Treatment for individuals as they complete the remainder of their sentence.  Upon completion of their sentence, all Aftercare clients are referred to their Lucas County Adult Probation Officer to continue community supervision.  While in Aftercare they may be able to start or complete other Court mandates such as Work Release or Electronic Monitoring.  Random urinalysis is conducted to continue to closely monitor a client’s progress.  Should a client relapse, CTF has the ability to re-admit him/her and provide further treatment prior to releasing them at the conclusion of their original sentence.

Aftercare Program is the intensive community supervision component.  Clients are particularly vulnerable early after their release.  The daily reporting and group meetings allow treatment staff to check for any indicators of substance abuse, or changes in dress or demeanor, as well as observe thinking errors which often precedes drug use.  Clients may be drug tested seven (7) days a week.

Curfew guidelines, 10:00 p.m. Sunday -Thursday and 11:00 pm on Friday and Saturday, help to establish a routine which assists clients when they find employment and also minimizes their exposure to High Risk situations which predominantly occur later in the evening.

Rather than simply being released into the community, individuals remain under supervision.  If more intensive measures are called for, Electronic Monitoring or Work Release can be implemented congruently with Aftercare.  It is a structured release that assists in protecting the community and provides ongoing supervision for the client.

The RIDGE Project offers Aftercare programming to improve communication and relationship skills to the offender and the family. After completion of the Tyro Dads group, the offender is eligible for Couples Communication I & II, and a work ethics class. The RIDGE Project partners with Ohio DRC institutions where conflict resolution, anger management and relationship stability are taught.


Thinking for a Change (T4C)

Is an integrated approach to changing offender behavior, developed by Barry Glick, Jack Bush, and Juliana Taymans in cooperation with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) that uses a combination of approaches to increase an offender’s awareness of themselves and others. It integrates cognitive restructuring, social skills, and problem solving. The program begins by teaching offenders an introspective process for examining their ways of thinking and their feelings, beliefs, and attitudes. The process is reinforced throughout the program. Social-skills training is provided as an alternative to antisocial behaviors. The program culminates by integrating the skills offenders have learned into steps for problem solving. Problem solving becomes the central approach offenders learn that enables them to work through difficult situations without engaging in criminal behavior.

The Epictetus Club

A sixteen-session course in cognitive skills developed specifically for offenders.  The course draws on the latest research on criminal thinking and addresses the issue of criminal behavior with cognitive-behavioral approach, including “practical philosophy.”

Succinct and astonishingly relevant, the Greek philosopher’s words show us how to live a responsible life - inside or outside of prison.  “People are upset not by things themselves, but by what they tell themselves about those things.”

With the help of Epictetus’ ancient wisdom, residents meet the daily challenges of their lives.  Learning to think outside the limits of their own literal walls as they struggle to redeem themselves, the club members learn to think beyond their own self-imposed limitations and comfort zones.

Healthy Living

Is a group to help develop a healthy lifestyle, mentally, physically, emotionally, and spiritually. The group focuses on education of diagnoses, support, intervention and integration of chemical dependency treatment and mental health programming.  

Anger Management

Anger Management for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Clients program sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).  A Hazelden video and lecture series: Beyond Anger; Abused Boys, Wounded Men, Rage Recidivism and Recovery.  

Domestic Violence

Stopping Abuse for Everyone (SAFE): explores how past influences, high-risk beliefs and maladaptive thinking led to abusive behavior. Participants use this information to develop positive and prosocial skills, leaving the program with a personalized plan for stopping abusive behaviors and creating healthier relationships)  


Living with Others (The Residential Drug Abuse Program helps individuals explore the components of healthy and unhealthy relationships. They learn proven ways to communicate effectively with others. Sections are devoted to anger management and roadblocks to positive attitudes.)  

Stress Management

A Better Way, Commitment to Change. The focus of this group is on cognitive and substance abuse methods to reduce stress.        

Chemical Dependency Education

Is a program consisting of substance abuse education, and 12-step focus material. Groups meet daily and provide offenders with a strong foundation and an understanding of different substances and the effects on the human body.    

Adult Basic Education

All offenders are academically assessed by state certified teachers using the TABE (Test of Adult Basic Education) which determines the offender’s level of academic functioning for educational placement. Offenders who test between the sixth and eighth grade level are placed in Adult Basic Education. Offenders who test above the eighth grade level or who do not have a high school diploma, are placed in the General Equivalency Diploma (GED) class. Once education levels are determined, individualized education plans are developed. In addition to classroom instruction, a computer lab with educational software for all learning levels is utilized. The TABE test is given to offenders prior to discharge to determine their level of improvement. Education classes are continued in the aftercare portion of the program and remedial reading is provided to offenders who have a high school diploma but have reading skills below the literacy level of sixth grade.  

Basic Literacy Skills

Is a program for offenders who possess low literacy levels, or who are functionally illiterate. Individualized instruction focuses on math, reading, language arts and writing.  

Morning Meditation

Offenders are given the opportunity to read through inspirational meditation books and discuss the meaning of the passages.  


Indoor activities include fitness equipment, walking, indoor sports, board games and television viewing. Gymnasium activities include basketball, volleyball, walking, etc.