Targeted Community Alternatives to Prison (T-CAP)
For more information on how to submit a memorandum of understanding for T-CAP, please click here.
The Ohio Department of Rehabilitation & Correction (ODRC) administered four (4) pilot grants that involve 8 county common pleas courts in Clinton, Ross and Medina counties, as well as a multi-county pilot including Lucas, Defiance, Henry, Williams and Fulton counties.
Target population: In 2016, approximately 8,300 of the nearly 20,000 individuals committed to prison were sent to ODRC to serve one year or less. Approximately 4,100 of those commitments were for Felony 5 offenses, the lowest felony level. The pilot targeted non-violent, non-sex, non-mandatory Felony 5 offenders whose criminal history does not include any prior felony violent or sex offense. DRC estimated the targeted population to be approximately 3,400 of the Felony 5 commitments statewide. By assisting local communities to manage these low-level offenders as a less costly, more effective alternative to state prison, this funding opportunity from ODRC helped ensure that these individuals receive the essential treatment they need at the community level, while contributing to the reduction of Ohio's prison population.
Providing Local Resources: The pilot counties received T-CAP grant funding agreed to supervise, treat and sanction all of the targeted population locally, without the use of a prison sanction. The pilot grant funds target non-violent, non-mandatory, non-sex Felony 5 offenses. Two of the grant sites, Medina and the multi county site, also chose to target the same Felony 4 offenses.
Supervision tools and programs covered by the T-CAP grant include:
- Supervision services
- Local incarceration, including CBCF placements
- Electronic monitoring
- Substance use monitoring and treatment
- Additional programming and resources
Relying on Research: T-CAP grants are aligned to support the best practice of providing local, community treatment for low-level offenders that is more effective and less costly for taxpayers.
- With the passage of House Bill 49, TCAP participation will now be available to all counties statewide. As enacted, TCAP will target Felony 5 offenses that are non-violent, non-sex, and do not require mandatory prison terms. In TCAP counties, these offenders will no longer be eligible to serve sentences of 12 months or less in DRC facilities. Local community sanctions can be supplemented with T-CAP funds to adequately address this population. Felony 5 drug trafficking offenders will remain eligible for sentences in DRC facilities. Beginning on July 1, 2018, T-CAP participation will be mandatory for the following counties: Franklin, Cuyahoga, Hamilton, Summit, Montgomery, Lucas, Butler, Stark, Lorain, and Mahoning. T-CAP participation will be voluntary for the remaining 78 counties.
- This new program seeks to ensure that more people receive the supervision and essential treatment they need in a more effective and less costly setting than prison.
- TCAP grants further Ohio’s Justice Reinvestment Initiative by supporting the continued diversion of low level offenders from prison.
- By assisting communities to manage low-level offenders, DRC will also help reduce Ohio’s prison population and density.
Funding Specifics: T-CAP grants will account for an additional 19M in FY18 and an additional 39M in FY19 community corrections’ funds. These funds are supplemental to the current community corrections funds DRC is already providing, such as the Community Corrections Act (CCA) and Probation Improvement and Incentive Grants (PIIG). Specific funding amounts per county were determined by a weighted formula that considered factors such as county population, case filings, and the number of targeted commitments averaged over a three-year period.
- Each county will complete a simple online application to receive its predetermined funding amount based on the formula.
- Funding will be distributed in quarterly payments.
- Funding will be provided through a grant to the respective county commissioners that mirrors the current funding process for DRC diversion grants.
- Funding may be spent on any community correction purpose, but may not be used for any capital project. Examples of uses are:
o Personnel costs, including Probation services
o Program Expenses, to pay for costs of programs not already covered by Medicaid or supported by other agencies such as OHMHAS
o Electronic Monitoring Services
o Contracts for residential or outpatient treatment services
o Residential services, including costs of local jail incarceration